1.b) Philosophy of a different theory of evolution of life
Every theory has a philosophical substratum, including their experimental approaches –even philosophers usually study the concept of perception. Within a model related to the idea of life, this duality is more apparent. Therefore, it is advisable to have both points of view present so as not to mix them and let a different philosophic-religious position affect the acceptance or rejection of the evolutionary theory’s scientific content.
In the general formulation of this theory, it is clear its philosophical content. While trying to formalize the Conditional Evolution, we came across the problem of brief and concise definition. Therefore, we had to explain life in some way, and then the most basic idea appeared “The fundamental characteristic of life is freedom”; though, the scientific content of the theory does not need to accept this affirmation.
The definition of the different evolutionary theory has helped us a lot with its development and perfection as if it were the key to solvea puzzle.
Problems derived from the said duality and the double meaning of the concept of evolution has led to dedicate title II to terminological delimitation and a brief exposition of the idea of life from a philosophical point of view.
The title II contains the following sections:
The first one, relating to the concept of evolution, refers to its temporal and spatial perspectives: long-term and short-term development, and the micro and macroevolution. It is worth indicating that Darwinian Theory of evolution alters this concept because it did not know microevolution on Cellular Biology, and it practically omits the existence of short-term changes in superior animals.
The second one, the broad concept of life, with a strictly philosophical content.
Lastly, the vital impulse systems that behave like living beings; at least, as far as the characteristics of their evolutionary processes are concerned.
In title III, we include an initial critique of other theories. However, we also add a few criticisms throughout the book, mainly on the evolutionary theory of Darwin. It appears that Darwin theory of evolution is losing momentum in the science world, given the advances in Evolutionary Biology and Genetics.
New ideas about the evolution of life are in title IV, divided into four major sections. The first introduces a general description, the second deals with improvements through the use of a logical argumentation –whose scientific contrasting are considered plausible–, the third on sources or origins of the genetic modifications, and the last relating to the means, methods, processes, and mechanisms through which they materialize.
The new ideas on evolutionary biology orbit around the goals, such as the direct cause of changes in genetic information and the way in which these changes are passed on to descendants. The new proposals are conceptually closer to Lamarck and Mendel’s theories than to Darwin.
The different theory of Conditional Evolution explains the functionality of the sexual differentiation allowing greater precision in the definition of concepts of dominant and recessive genes. Another practical implication is the possible non-existence of the missing link in the human evolution, since the evolutionary jumps are one of the methods and, typically, they are the result of two or more evolutionary branches.
There is also an instructive example of the verification method of the genetic information within car's evolution, which we believe Nature uses.
This title mainly refers to the theory of evolution of life in the standard field of Genetics, searching for the origins or immediate causes of the modifications of genetic information that pass on to descendants according to the legitimate objectives that every evolutionary system should have. Although analogies with the vital impulse systems will appear, it will be mainly for exposition purposes.
Next, title V focuses on definition of the Conditional Evolution, incorporating its formulation as concisely as possible while conserving its essence.
The next step would be the empirical verification or logical proof. Title VI discusses the difficulty of proving the whole theory while verifying its partial aspects is less problematic.
The analysis of the nature and characteristics of the new evolutionary theory shows its scientific vocation.
Hence, an entirely developed mathematical-statistical model of evolution of intelligence was put forth to test the method of Verification of the Genetic Information (VGI) in terms presented in title IV, based on the hypothesis of the heritability of intelligence.
The results of the EDI statistical study confirm the alternative theory of evolution, and we include them in its book.
Likewise, we mention other specific models that could also withstand an empirical contrasting.
In 2011, we added the proposal of the Darwin-out experiment to confirm the results of the EDI Study – Evolution and Design of Intelligence. In 2015, we designed the more straightforward Menssalina experiment. However, we have not carried out them yet due to the lack of appropriate data.
Title VII briefly describes the Esnuka program designed in 1990 to allow the assimilation of this theory’s proposals by introducing them through a computer-simulation on thebilliards game.
The validation of the purely scientific aspects of the theory would have enormous consequences for the development of Biology and Genetics by providing these sciences with a coherently theoretical base, especially for the advances already made.
It would also give off significant consequences for other branches of knowledge such as psychology and history. Some of these consequences are in title VIII. There is a double purpose of this title. On the one hand, the mentioned exposition of the implications of the Global Theory of the Conditional Evolution of Life, and on the other, to help its acceptance as much as it allows a better understanding of the social reality in which we live and of its historical evolution.
A brief exposition of main theories on evolution is in title IX.
All of the biology news appeared in the newspaper El País on the indicated date, and they are, to a certain extent, about current topics. In case the biology news relates to an article in an international magazine, it appears following the date.
The science and biology news is not part of the text. Nonetheless, we have tried to fit it contextually, in other words, sometimes the book and the news have the same opinion and sometimes the opposite.
We attempt to offer a vision of what, how, and when some advances of scientific knowledge reach the public in general.
It is worth pointing out that we are not always in agreement with them, and that, on another hand, at times the most significant is not the content of the news but rather the form, the time, the origin, or the effect.
This biology news set does not try to be a summary of the critical biology news during the last ten years. What's more, numerous articles are contradictory to the Conditional Evolution of Life, especially in those of opinion or interpretation.
In short, we try to express how the general culture is changing in respects to the biological evolution. Of course, we remark the coincidences with the Conditional Evolution of Life of 1990.
A special mention is due to the crucial psychological support that gave us the published article in a special supplementary edition in the newspaper El País 26.11.1992 by Eric. H. Davidson (a) –author of the term intelligent genes!– about the classic concept of the parasite from a copycat gene in the text.
Another article from 02-10-2002 about the National Conference of Ethology (h) that, in general terms, presented an evolutionist model or a vision of life similar to the Conditional Evolution.