1.b) Philosophy of a different theory of evolution of life
Every theory has a philosophical substratum, including the experimental theories –even the concept of perception is a usually studied by philosophers. In a theory directly related to the concept of life, this duality is more openly apparent. Therefore, it is advisable to have both points of view present so as not to mix them and let a different philosophic-religious position affect the acceptance or rejection of the evolutionary theory’s scientific content.
In the formulation of this theory, it is clear its philosophical content. While trying to formalize the Conditional Evolution, I came across the problem of defining this theory briefly and concisely. Therefore, I had to define life in some way, and then the general idea of life emerged: “The fundamental characteristic of life is freedom”; however, the scientific content of this theory does not imply to accept this affirmation.
The definition of the different evolutionary theory has helped me a lot with its development and perfection as if it were the key to solving a puzzle; however, I insist that they are independent subjects.
The problems derived from the said duality and the double meaning of the concept of evolution has led to the dedication of title II to this concept’s terminological delimitation and a brief exposition of the concept of life from the philosophical point of view.
The title II contains the following sections:
The first, relating to the concept of evolution makes special reference to its temporal and spatial perspectives: long term and short-term evolution, and the micro and macroevolution. It is worth indicating at this point that the Darwinian Theory of evolution alters this concept in that; it did not know microevolution on Cellular Biology and it practically omits the existence of short-term evolution in superior animals.
The broad concept of life based on strictly philosophical content.
Lastly, the vital impulse systems, which would be those, that behave like living beings, at least as far as the characteristics of their evolutionary processes are concerned.
In title III, an initial critique of the sections is included. However, I add a few criticisms throughout the book, mainly on the evolutionary theory of Darwin; since it is generally accepted nowadays although it depends on which context is being referred to. It appears that Darwin theory of evolution is losing momentum in the science world in view of the advances in Evolutionary Biology and Genetics.
New ideas about the evolution of life are in title IV, divided into four major sections. The first introduces a general description of the title, the second deals with evolution through the use of a logical argumentation whose scientific contrasting are considered plausible, the third on the sources or origins of genetic modifications, and the last relating to the means, methods, processes, and mechanisms through which they materialize.
Specifically, the ideas of the new theory of evolution or Evolutionary Biology orbit around the objectives of evolution such as the direct cause of changes in genetic information and the way in which these changes are passed on to descendants. The new proposals are conceptually closer to Lamarck and Mendel’s theories of evolution than to Darwin’s theory of evolution.
The proposals of the different theory of Conditional Evolution explain the functionality of the sexual differentiation and they allow a greater precision in the definition of the concepts of dominant and recessive genes in the fields of Evolutionary Biology and Genetics. Another practical implication is the very possible non-existence of the missing link in the human evolution, since the evolutionary jumps are one of the methods present in nature and, normally, they are the result of two or more evolutionary branches.
There is also an explanatory example of the verification method of the genetic information within car's evolution, which nature uses.
This title mainly refers to the theory of evolution of life in the common field of Genetics, searching for the origins or immediate causes of the modifications of genetic information that pass on to descendants according to the logical objectives that every evolutionary system should have. Although analogies with the vital impulse systems will be included, it will be mainly for exposition purposes.
Next, title V focuses on the concept and definition of the Conditional Evolution, incorporating its formulation as concisely as possible while conserving its essence. A few brief conclusions derived from the definition of the evolutionary theory are included in the third point of this title and, in fact, are part of the conceptual body of the theory.
The next step would be the empirical verification, or theoretical proof. Title VI discusses the difficulty of proving the theory while proving the relative easiness of verifying its partial aspects.
Nature and characteristics of the new evolutionary theory will be analyzed and the radical scientific vocation of the same will be insisted upon.
Hence, a completely developed mathematical-statistical model of evolution of intelligence was put forth in order to test the method of Verification of Genetic Information (VGI) in terms presented in title IV, based on the hypothesis of the heritability of intelligence.
The results of the EDI statistical study confirm the alternative theory of evolution and are in another book online.
Likewise, I mention other specific models that could also withstand an empirical contrasting.
The proposal of the Darwin out experiment has been added in 2011 in order to confirm the results of the EDI Study- Evolution and Design of Intelligence, which has not been carried out yet, in a much simpler way.
Title VII briefly describes the Esnuka program designed to allow the assimilation of this theory’s proposals by introducing them through a computer-simulation on the billiards game.
The validation of the purely scientific aspects of the theory would have enormous consequences for the development of Biology and Genetics by providing these sciences with a coherently theoretical base, especially for the advances already made.
This would also give off major consequences for other branches of knowledge such as psychology and history. Some of these consequences are in title VIII. There is a double purpose of this title; on one hand, the mentioned exposition of the consequences of the Conditional Evolution, and on the other, to help its acceptance as much as it allows a better understanding of the social reality in which we live and of its historic evolution.
It is curious that one can talk of a scientific globalization process in the twenty-first century.
A brief exposition of these theories on evolution is in the Annex.
All of the biology news appeared in the newspaper El País on the indicated date and they are, to a certain extent, about current topics. In case the biology news relate to an article in an international magazine, it appears following the date.
The science and biology news are not part of the text in the sense that are independent. Nonetheless, I have tried to fit them contextually in any way possible.
I attempt to offer a vision of what, how and when some advances of scientific knowledge produced reaches the public in general.
It is worth pointing out that I am not necessarily or wholly in agreement with them, and that, on another hand, at times the most important is not the content of the news but rather the form, the time, the origin, the effect, etc.
At the same time, to point out that this biology news set does not try to be a summary of the most important biology news in the subject matter during the last ten years. What's more, I chose them for attracting my attention but, in general, numerous articles are contradictory to the presented ones, especially in those of opinion or of interpretation.
In short, what I try with this group of biology news is to express how the general culture is changing in respects to the central topic that we are dealing with: the biological evolution. Of course, also to point out the coincidences with the Conditional Evolution and that I had completely developed the basic lines of this modern theory and published them in October of 1992.
Deserving special mention, due to the important psychological support that they have given me, is the published article in a special supplementary edition in the newspaper El País 26.11.1992 by Eric. H. Davidson (a) (author of the term intelligent genes!) about the classic concept of parasite from a copycat gene in text.
Another article from 02-10-2002 in relation to the National Conference of Ethology (h) that, in general terms, presents an evolutionist model or a vision of life similar to that of the Conditional Evolution, or at least, of a similar inspiration.