1.a) Philosophy of evolution

The advance of science is marked throughout history by major revolutions produced primarily by the discovery or explanation of natural events, the formulation of theories, and the development of new technologies.

Usually, these great leaps in science evolution go with names such as Aristotle, Pythagoras, Galileo, Newton, but it is essential to recognize that, with no disrespect to these geniuses of humanity, their discoveries or theories were also the product of the culture and scientific environment of their times.

Likewise, we cannot forget the influence that philosophic tendencies and religions of different civilizations have had and still have on science evolution; on the other hand, many people consider that each step taken by science brings human beings closer to such philosophical-religious ideas.

Perception, intuition, and logic are the three means used by humans to increase their dominion over nature. As we will see, the commonly named scientific method has three main variants based on these three instruments.

In this sense, perception and logic are concepts on two extreme ends of the scale while intuition would be in the middle; the latter allowing the formulation of theories that, in some cases, would surpass those developed through logic and perception, or a combination of both. To a certain extent, every theory is a combination of the three.

The objective of this book is to present the Conditional Evolution, the result of the concerns we all have to a greater or lesser extent about fundamental concepts of life and its evolution. Throughout the last few years, a set of ideas have started forming that were somewhat vague and disconnected, yet had a broad meaning and some were more poetic than scientific.

We have attempted to avoid at all times the use of strictly scientific terms to facilitate comprehension without diminishing the precision of the vocabulary used.

Undoubtedly, the area of focus has been vast, ranging from elementary particles and energy to the genetic evolution, sexual differentiation, the human brain, and complex systems that conceptually behave as if they were living beings; so, some of the ideas will unavoidably be erroneous or incorrect, and many others already known.

Overall, as small as creativity may be, it needs to take some risks to assert itself. In any case, all of the ideas represent at least an element of consideration in the long road of scientific knowledge.

In the second edition, we have included a series of scientific news, especially those related to biological evolution, which has appeared in recent years and later than the initial essay on the General Theory of the Conditional Evolution of Life. The intention is to offer a vision of what, how and when the public reach some of the advances in science. Also, how some of the new proposals have confirmed since their appearance in 1990; when they looked foolishness and strange reflections of the creator of the free billiards game, Esnuka, where this theory of evolution appeared in the instructions.

The Conditional Evolution discusses, on the one hand, the cause of changes in genetic information (DNA) and, on the other side, the form in which these genetic changes transmit to descendants. Its proposals are closer to the theories of Lamarck and Mendel than to the evolutionary theory of Darwin.

Spiral staircase.

Likewise, this theory of evolution presents numerous lines of investigation, development, and further exploration of a broad subject bearing in mind the innovative approaches it contributes.

In particular, a direct development of the General Theory of Conditional Evolution (GTCEL) has been the Global Cognitive Theory; both theories address the central theme of intelligence, its mechanisms, origin, and evolution from various perspectives.

Another related book is The EDI Study - Evolution and Design of Intelligence; this statistical study is empirical research about some considerations of the Global Cognitive Theory regarding the concept of intelligence, the brain, and evolution.

Finally, the Global Scientific Method has a section about the theory of evolution regarding the philosophy of science.