3.e) Creativity

Creativity is another of the essential qualities of living beings. Keeping to the topic of human ability, it seems clear that all people are creative to a greater or lesser extent, just like with intelligence and beauty.

To be creative refers to a person who is particularly talented in comparison to the average of the rest of the population. A slightly creative person is more creative than a very creative cat!

A good definition of creativity is a subset of intelligence, which means a group of essential relational functions with a high association of reliability; that is a particular subset of conditional intelligence. Strictly speaking, this last requirement is essential for intelligence; if the brain's functions responsible for creating logical relations often make mistakes, this would not be intelligence, but rather something else that the Global Cognitive Theory calls intuition; of course, if there were lots of mistakes, it would be called a lack of intelligence.

The creativity subset will be those functions that make the creation, design, invention or imagination of new concepts or ideas more comfortable.

The demand for high reliability is paradoxical in creativity because it has not the same justification of a severe possible error that we used for intelligence.

Not only an error is not considered something serious in creative processes, but mistakes are also considered normal. Nonetheless, given that creativity requires various successive operations to exist if elemental functions make errors, it is not very likely that the final result will be correct; we may find new creations due to chance but not creativity.

However, we should not lose sight of the fact that an absolute conceptual definition of creativity is not easy, as we have also previously said, language does not require a high degree of reliability. Occasionally, a significant cause behind artistic creations is a defective function in sensorial perception.


On the other hand, if we think about the specific subset of the creativity functions, we will realize that they deal with particularly complex functions of intelligence; that is if we were talking about more packets of elemental functions in which all should operate with a high degree of reliability. Therefore, it is not so much that the complex function (creativity) does not generate errors, but rather that the elemental functions or parts (intelligence) do not generate them.

So, a more precise definition of creativity would be complex functions or packets of essential functions of intelligence that support the capacities of:

  • Carrying out extrapolations and estimations of the result, given the existing relations.

  • Understanding the limits of the parameters involved in the relations.

  • Detect the change in relation caused by a change in the parameters, otherwise said, qualitative implications for quantitative changes.

  • Simultaneous management of various dimensions.

  • Perform changes in scale or model variables, changing new parameters, and returning to the previous scale or model variable in the appropriate point of the corresponding changes of the original parameters. In other words, the concepts related to the different types of associations defined in Set theory –a branch of mathematical logic.

  • Functions related to advanced statistical thought such as the distinction between an average value and a standard value, a different value and extraordinary value, and a particular case or general values.

Plausibly, to be creative in a specific subject, it is not necessary to have all the previous functions. Nonetheless, aside from some of the previous common functions, the following should also be present: both elemental capacities of intelligence associated to a particular subject and the specific capacities that do not form a part of intelligence, like dealing with music or sports.

Consequently, intelligent people tend to be more creative, and this tendency is more apparent the more intelligent someone is. It also exists the other way around (the less intelligent, the less creative), but, in our opinion, it is not as strong because of the particular intelligence associated and the specific capacities.

A person can be brilliant and have a subset of creativity functions that are not very operative in a particular subject! A person can be very creative and not very intelligent if other general elemental functions fail!

Nevertheless, we can see how colloquial language practically depicts these meanings perfectly. A genius is a person who is very intelligent and creative. Ok, but if we are referring to an intellectual genius, we also understand the person is very creative, but if we are talking about a genius known for creativity in a particular subject we understand that is probably is reasonably intelligent, but we cannot be as sure as in the first case.

In the next, section, we will speak about the genetic structure of intelligence. Regarding the hereditary nature, creativity has two sides to it; one side, being or forming a part of intelligence, and the other one dealing with the specific subject of creativity, such as music for example.

Continuing with the music example, the Verification of genetic information method (VGI) does not apply to the genetic information of both progenitors associated with music (Union in Set theory). However, in the transmission of musical creativity, the rules of the VGI method will apply for the relational functions being part or a subset of intelligence, only showing the capacities derived from genetic information that is present simultaneously in the two sources of information received from the progenitors (intersection)