2.c) Multiple intelligences

Regardless of the somewhat opportunistic Theory of Multiple Intelligences of Howard Gardner, it seems clear that multiple intelligences or a multiple intelligence exist.

Multiple intelligences will be identified not only by the different types of elementary relations (space, sound, color) involved but also by the operational mechanisms or any other criterion we could associate.

The categories of multiple intelligences could be as extensive as wanted because in any act or concept it is possible to find primary relations; although calling intelligence to everything would eliminate its differentiating concept and, therefore, the utility of the word intelligence.

Squirrel
Squirrel (Public domain image)

Other sections deal with more types of multiple intelligences. Below, there are some interesting cases.

2.c.1) Intelligence in the strict sense

Strictly speaking, intelligence is the capacity for making relations with the condition of a high degree of reliability. See more details in the section related to the knowledge manager's secure responses.

In other words, it corresponds with conditional intelligence when we require a high degree of reliability. When the word intelligence appears in colloquial language, it refers to this concept.

The verification of responses to obtain the desired reliability implies some specific biological mechanisms explained in the Conditional Evolution of Life book when talking about the method of Verification of Genetic Information.

The main factors of intelligence perception are the depth and originality of ideas along with the absence of errors in reasoning. Do not confuse this with those people who do not express their reasoning so as not to commit apparent errors!

2.c.2) G factor or general intelligence

The concept of general intelligence will be the result of adding to the concept of intelligence in the strict sense the condition the that its relational functions form part of a large number of the intellect's processes.

The G factor is the closest concept associated with intelligence measured by standard IQ tests.

These measurements have the advantage of being independent of cultural factors.

The study of the hereditary nature of intelligence uses information about IQ that, to a great extent, fit in this category. If some specific relational functions are hereditary, it is logical to assume that others would also be, but with different mechanisms of expression.

2.c.3) Modern intelligence quotients

Different dot matrix and language test batteries are into just one IQ test and, therefore, they gather in the greater measure of the potential of multiple intelligences. Although, these modern intelligence quotients are closer to the concept of relational intelligence than multiple intelligences.

To broadly determine a person's intellectual ability they are useful. However, they suffer from two problems: when including language tests, they incorporate aspects other than intelligence in the strict sense and have strong cultural influence.