5. Definition of artificial intelligence
There are different, even contradictory, meanings of this term.
Both words, intelligence and artificial are problematic. The book Intelligence, Intuition, and Creativity deals with the first one, and the second one is a term-limited to what is performed by human beings. However, which is artificial, it is natural because human beings are part of nature.
Generally speaking, there are two extreme stances regarding the concept of artificial intelligence: one postulating the impossibility of its existence for being a characteristic of life and not of a machine, and the other one, accepting any artificial decision-making system as simple as it may be.
The famous Turing Test is in the middle of the definition by requiring the machine to behave like a human in its responses. It is an anthropomorphic idea.
This meaning is not only entirely accepted; nonetheless, its decisions might be in many aspects more accurate than human ones.
A different perspective would lead us to try to achieve the direct manifestation of a level of the essence of Life in things and energy perceptible by humans.
It is a problematic subject, let us digress and say that the application of the epistemological principles of the optimization of any complex dynamic system could help develop the first line of empirical approximation, creating an auto-regulated system with an animated goal, sensitive enough to detect its portion of liberty.
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