9. THEORIES OF HUMAN ORIGIN
This is a brief presentation of the general ideas about evolution and theories of human origin such:
- Intelligent Design
- Theory of Lamarck
- Theory of Natural Selection of Darwin
- Laws of Mendel
- Neo-Darwinism (Modern Synthetic Theory and Punctuated Equilibrium)
- Conditional Evolution
See chapter III about criticism of these theories of human origin and evolution.
9.a.1. Creationism and other religious theories
Creationism or Theory of Creationism, along with the other theories with theological concepts about evolution, by their very nature, study and define through theology in one way or another issues such as life, the origin of man, his destiny and, in short, his evolution.
The aim here is not to explain other philosophical or religious trends with theological concepts about evolution, with a greater or lesser degree of influence of essentialism or evolutionism, but to strictly expound other theories of scientific nature on the evolution and origin of man.
Although the non-existence of a Superior being like God has not been scientifically demonstrated; from my point of view, Creationism and other theories based on theological ideas do not have a scientific nature due to the very essence of science. However, that does not mean that someone cannot be convinced of said existence and not just by an act of faith.
9.a.2. Intelligent Design
The Intelligent Design movement has recently appeared as an updated version, or modernization of the Theory of Creationism. This movement has its beginnings in 1991 although it has deep roots in creationism and the Lamarck theory.
Although the Intelligent Design is not a formal theory, this movement removes itself from the Theory of Creationism as soon as it attempts to explain evolution and human origin within the scope of scientific research, which is why I separate it from the truly religious theories.
The Intelligent Design movement developed in the early nineties although the ideas are much older. The Intelligent Design imply the existence of a teleological or finalist evolution and, consequently, that theories of random mutations and Natural Selection would no longer constitute the main components of evolution and do not explain the human origin at all..
At times, we have to admit that the radical defenders of the Darwin theory and orthodox science remind us of the classic institution of the Holy Inquisition and, therefore, have as many religious-philosophical connections as this institution, or the Intelligent Design, or even the most orthodox Creationism.
The Intelligent Design is an attempt to get close to science from a religious point of view, which it might be not good enough but it is good anyway.