1. Evolutionary psychology and willpower

The fourth online book of the Global Cognitive Theory is Willpower, Decision Making Process and Artificial Intelligence and it is an attempt to explain or to get closer to the essence of the living being from a scientific viewpoint, whilst also taking into account that it is a common topic in philosophy.

In the printed edition of the Global Cognitive Theory it is included the essay about experimental psychology: EDI Study – Evolution and Design of Intelligence.

The scientific nature of this book is due to the connection with what’s written in the other Global Cognitive Theory books about cognitive processes of the brain and evolutionary psychology, largely confirmed by the aforementioned EDI Study.

Womoon - Drawing of a woman sitting on crescent

One must remember that the Global Cognitive Theory is an extension to the psychology of the new perspective of life and the living being, given by the General Theory of Conditioned Evolution of Life.

Not in vain, already included in this evolutionary theory are ideas about the philosophy of life and the definition of life. This is all necessary, as if one means to explain the evolution of something; one must have a more or less clear idea of what one is talking about. At the very least, one must try to get close to or limit the definition as much as possible.

The fundamental characteristic of life, according to the Conditioned Evolution of Life, is precisely freedom; an aspect that presents itself through living being’s free will.

Therefore, if one has not understood –which is not to say that one is not in agreement– the most important propositions of the two theories previously mentioned, it will be difficult for one to completely understand some of the more complex ideas described in this little book about evolutionary psychology, willpower and the essence of the living being.

As well as this introduction, this book about willpower has four additional chapters. Two of them concern the decision-making process, analyzed from a descriptive and scientific point of view; the other two are about the concept of existence of the living being, from a philosophical or metaphysical perspective.

The decision-making process is studied from the source of our wishes, ideas and thoughts; together with the various mechanisms of willpower formation, such as automatic decisions, reflexive and semi reflexive actions and decision processes based on majorities, which end up configuring true political representation systems in the brain and groups of neurons.

A relevant characteristic of willpower and decision-making processes is that they are dynamic equilibrium systems, that is to say, given the same external conditions it cannot be guaranteed that the equilibrium point will be the same. We are talking about expert systems with dynamic equilibrium, which incorporate the result of earlier life experiences.

A particular case would be emotions, which are no more than unconscious responses to certain stimuli which identify the presence of a complex situation, requiring a fast answer and for which there is not enough time to satisfactorily study it.

Additionally, I have included some personal thoughts on partial aspects of schizophrenia related to evolutionary psychology, willpower and the decision-making process.

The fourth chapter is about the human being, feelings and willpower, given that they are concepts that are closer to the human readers. However, in fact it refers to the living being and the vital impulse system; due to the fact that, according to the proposed evolutionary psychology, feelings and willpower are inherent elements of life.

In order to avoid byzantine discussions, a terminological consideration is that if I see emotions as neuronal mechanisms of a scientific nature, I will consider feelings as belonging to the realm of philosophy and metaphysics.

At this point, we get to the most interesting and poetic part of the previously mentioned theories, the special and temporal discontinuity of the existence of the living being.

The definition of artificial intelligence is the last challenge posed in this book about cognitive psychology and willpower.

I hope you find useful the ideas I have shared during those moments in which we all brood, our minds and our hearts, about which we are, where we come from and where we are going.