6. SCIENTIFIC THEORY OF EVOLUTION
♦ Characteristics of the Conditional Evolution
Features of the Conditional Evolution from different points of view:
- Scientific theory of evolution
Statistical research on elegant intelligence aims to validate the model on the hereditary nature of relational intelligence. The idea is to prove the Conditional Evolution through the detection of the Genetic Information Verification method (GIV).
The results of the EDI Study - Evolution and Design of Intelligence have been satisfactory. Not only does it show the hereditary nature of the scores obtained in the human intelligence quotient measurements (IQ) but also that the genetic information with less intellectual potential is the significant one, as the Conditional Evolution states regarding the concept of conditional intelligence.
Despite previous comments, demonstrating something with a specific empirical study and being considered as a scientific theory in a strict sense is one thing, and to consider it proven is quite another. There must be more extensive studies and areas to do so.
It is also true that news about science, biology, and genetics perfectly fit with the Conditional Evolution, such as the duplication of the rice genome and many other examples cited along this book.
In particular, the EDI Study offers excellent results.
Also, we propose another statistical research in the page on Studies on the evolution of intelligence, the Darwin-out experiment, with a more straightforward research methodology, both in its execution and comprehension.
We have also designed a type of quantitative genetics experiments with grandparents' chromosomes that is even simpler and cheaper to perform. The goal is to study the transfer of characters to grandchildren with sexual differentiation. Menssalina is a particular example of this type of analysis based on the evolution of natural intelligence.
Philosophical and scientific theory
Every systematic model has a theoretical substrate. In this case, the logical part is the teleological argument, and the methodical side is the proposal of specific models to validate the theory using the scientific method.
It has a dual nature since it affects both science and philosophy. This scientific theory formulation tries to express the basic principles of the evolution of man, the origin of life, and evolution in general.
Orthogenetic and teleological theory
It is a teleological theory because it assigns a goal to evolution, which is to widen the sphere of freedom. It is an Orthogenetic theory for admitting internal factors.
We were aware of this philosophical postulate while formulating the theory, but those characteristics are essential, helpful and they could be exact. Nevertheless, from a scientific point of view is relatively irrelevant if evolution aims to amplify freedom or not.
We use the word relatively because, if their consequences are real, the most logical thing to do would be to accept and admit the principles which have inspired the scientific theory, as long as a more consistent explanation appears.
This scientific theory has an overall emphasis. Its formulation tries to express the general principles of evolution and the origin of life. It even goes a step forward, thinking that the same principles could apply to any evolutionary system of vital impulse.
At no time, it disagrees with the established theories; quite the contrary, those theories form part of this global theory as particular cases consequence of different evolutionary conditions.
In most superior evolutionary processes, genetic modifications will appear due to environmental influences, random elements, trial and error processes, changes already verified and natural and sexual selection will be present, as well as a genetic interchange from progenitors.
Continuant and revolutionary theory
The Conditional Evolution is a continuant theory because it incorporates contributions of Lamarck, Darwin, and Mendel and from commonly ignored trends opposed to the theory of natural selection. Besides, it develops, combines and modernizes concepts according to the new contributions provided by advances in science and the current culture of our society.
On the other hand, it is also a revolutionary theory because its outcomes imply a qualitative change in the concept of evolution and origin of life. In any case, as pointed out by the theory itself, evolutionary leaps can be represented analogically as the construction of a new building which is higher than the old ones and needs additional pillars and a more advanced general knowledge.
Intuitive and of complex systems theory
The scientific method to validate these proposals is the hypothetic-deductive method or the method of validation of hypotheses. It is typical of scientific theories modifying previous theories about complex systems, and the intuition is a substantial source of their suggestions.
For the development of this theory, we used as a methodology consistent with the idea of evolution, especially of complex systems having a vital impulse.
We consider this research methodology can be useful to other branches of knowledge studying complex systems that resemble the vital impulse systems.
- Multidisciplinary theory
Like any theory of evolution, it affects a wide range of other disciplines. Furthermore, to validate the theory will be necessary to use the knowledge of various disciplines.
♦ Difficulties of the empirical research
The empirical validation of is an essential component of a scientific theory; without it, and until its falseness is proven, it will only be a theory in the world of philosophy.
Our theory presents a high difficulty when it comes to its demonstration. On the one hand, it is evident its philosophical aspect cannot be proven. On the other hand, its scientific implications are within the limits of perception with today’s technology, a typical character in almost every new theory.
Moreover, scientific innovations can have philosophical consequences; aspects considered as philosophical can become scientific or vice versa, such as the case of god Ra.
Likewise, implying a radical shift in the generally accepted theory is a noteworthy barrier. Nevertheless, recent advances in biology and genetics are providing new knowledge of the evolutionary steps that hardly fit with the theory of Natural Selection or its multiple updates.
From our point of view, recent news and specific theories or trends support the overall vision of the new theory. We have already mentioned some; let us remember, as an example, the biological basis of language capacities is an old proposal, and nowadays we know specific DNA sequences affecting them.
Another aspect which significantly increases the difficulty of accepting the Conditional Evolution by society is the consequences regarding philosophy, psychology, and even religion.
Therefore, a personal adherence to this theory could easily come with its automatic corroboration on sight of the explanations and examples given. However, it will not be so effortless due to the numerous contextual elements in its approach.
Despite previous remarks, we have tried several verifying attempts through the empirical research of partial aspects. They have been proven to be positive, and entail an indirect validation of the scientific content of the Conditional Evolution or, at least, of the argumentative logic of its propositions.
Let us see the suggestions regarding the most reasonable hypothesis and several models of partial verification of the scientific theory.
Most reasonable hypothesis
When two theories explain the same phenomenon, but any of them can be irrefutably proven, a critical argument may be to choose the “most reasonable hypothesis.” Only if the two theories are equally reasonable, the Occam's razor would intervene, but only in that case.
The rationality of the Conditional Evolution is far higher compared to Natural Selection because the first one explains more elements of reality and forms a more harmonious ensemble about evolution.
Another advantage of the Conditional Evolution is the incorporation of the so-called vital impulse systems, which we can observe and measure easier than the genetic evolution. If the proposed empirical methodology contributes to any positive results, we could start to tip the balance in favor of the new scientific theory.
In fact, the empirical research has produced surprisingly positive results, although there are not many people interested in reading so much, and much less in specific results not politically correct.
The Conditional Evolution explains some hereditary diseases; for example, those typical of the male sex: as it only has one X gene. If it lacks a particular function, it cannot use the second X gene. Usually, the cause will be the absence of a recent function or an ancient function which has not yet evolved and generates coherence, or internal compatibility problems.
This case is a known fact, explained in the same way but without the logic of the internal evolutionary dynamics.
Offspring of close parents
In humans, and probably in all superior animals, the sons between a man and his sister are feasible but are likely to have serious problems, probably caused by the lack of contrast of the genetic variations with an external source. This fact will also give us an idea of the vast number of variations which take place in only one generation, despite common assumptions. If the massive changes were utterly random, taken into account the complexity and sensitivity of the system, the new living beings would not be feasible.
Undoubtedly, this fact fits in the Conditional Evolution while the other theories cannot use the same evolutionary argumentation.
Problems due to lack of more complex hereditary functions may perhaps have a more precise explanation with the Conditional Evolution. As an example, we can mention several problems which involve dyslexia, which hereditary nature is into question due to sociological implications.
In the next sections, we submit various proposals of mathematical-statistical models for empirical research. We will offer the relations between the explanatory and the dependent variables in detail for each of them.